Orthodontics is a branch of dentistry that deals with the diagnosis and treatment of misaligned teeth. Malocclusion occurs when teeth or jaws do not develop properly. The condition is not a disease and does not impact physical health. However, when the bottom or top sets of teeth do not align perfectly, they may impact the shape of a person’s face or the appearance of their teeth. The misalignment of teeth can impact oral hygiene, functionality, and aesthetics of the mouth.

Why is Orthodontic treatment necessary?

Going through with orthodontic treatment can not only help with the aesthetics but also solve the following problems:

  • Speech impairment.
  • TMJ pain or pain in the lower jaw and facial muscles.
  • Eating and chewing difficulties.
  • Obstructive sleep apnea caused due to snoring.
  • Teeth grinding and clenching (bruxism).
  • Tooth decay, gingivitis or gum diseases.

Who Should Consider Orthodontic Treatment?

Malocclusion can be caused due to issues in the jawbones, heredity, improper growth of the teeth during childhood, or an injury to the teeth or facial bones. The condition is also caused due to the habit of frequent thumb sucking. Some of the common malocclusion issues are as follows:

  • Protruding teeth: If the patient has protruding frontal teeth, he/she can visit an orthodontist to improve the appearance of their smile and regain confidence. 
  • Crowding:When a narrow jaw has more teeth than it can accommodate, the teeth usually tend to overlap over one another, and the resulting condition is known as crowding. Apart from giving the patient a crooked smile, crowding leads to periodontal problems, increases the likelihood of tooth injury, bad breath, tooth wear, and can also cause gastrointestinal problems.
  • Impacted teeth: In this condition, the wisdom tooth does not emerge from the gum or only emerges partially. It can be very painful and may invite infections, which is why getting orthodontic attention becomes essential.
  • Asymmetrical teeth: This is one of the most common conditions in which the top and bottom sets of teeth are not symmetrical and do not align properly.
  • Spacing:In this condition, the teeth are spaced too wide apart from each other and result in excessive spaces between adjacent teeth. The condition is the opposite of what happens in teeth crowding.
  • Overbite:The condition causes upper teeth to come over the lower teeth when they are clenched.
  • Reverse bite: In this case, the upper set of teeth end up inside the lower set while biting or clenching.
  • Open bite: As the name suggests, the condition results in an opening in the frontal teeth even when the upper and lower sets of teeth clench against each other. In simple words, the molars and premolars stay in contact, but the frontal teeth don’t.



Braces can just about solve any orthodontic problem from minor tooth adjustment to complex bite alignment. Formerly, braces were only manufactured using metals. However, in recent times braces are also available in tooth-colored ceramic options. Braces are composed of brackets, bands, and wires. Brackets are connected to the frontal surface of the teeth while the band forms the anchor of the appliance. Wires pass through brackets and are tightened to hold teeth in the correct position. The patient is will have to visit the dentist regularly so that they can keep track of the movement of teeth and make any necessary changes to the braces. 

Invisalign treatment for adults and teens

Braces work for children. However, adults and teens find it awkward to wear braces and it often results in a loss of confidence in them. Invisalign allows patients to get orthodontic treatment in a comfortable and safe way, without revealing much about the treatment itself as the aligners are virtually invisible  In this procedure, thin, BPA-free, transparent, aligners made from a thermoplastic material are used to move the teeth to their rightful place. The aligners are invisible and go unnoticed, and can help teens stay away from the embarrassment of wearing braces.

In this treatment, a series of virtually invisible aligners are custom fabricated for each patient. The treatment requires photos, scans, and X-rays based on which the orthodontist orders the production of a series of aligners. Each teeth aligner induces a certain amount of movement of the teeth. After two weeks, a new aligner will replace the previous one and will continue the straightening process. The aligners work by utilizing the application of controlled force on misaligned teeth.

Experience the best orthodontic treatment at Reef Dental. Call (415)- 563-8123 to schedule an appointment with our top-rated dental office.


2001 Union St #500, San Francisco, CA 94123

Phone: (415) 563-8123

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